Gks Dibatic Medicine 200Gm


Glucophage (generic name: metformin)

Glucophage XR (generic name: metformin hydrochloride) extended release

Fortamet (generic name: metformin hydrochloride) extended release

Glumetza (generic name: metformin hydrochloride) extended release

Riomet (generic name: metformin hydrochloride liquid)

What Are Biguanides?

Metformin is the only member of the biguanides family in use today. Metformin (met-FOR-min) helps lower blood glucose by making sure your liver does not put extra glucose into the system when it is not needed. The ADA Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes recommend the inclusion of metformin (along with diet and exercise) in initial diabetes treatment. A good thing about metformin is that it does not cause blood glucose to get too low (hypoglycemia) when it is the only diabetes medicine you take.

Who Can Take This Medicine?

Adults with type 2 diabetes can take metformin with their doctor’s approval and supervision. You should avoid metformin if you have liver or kidney problems, lung or heart disease, or conditions that cause low blood oxygen levels.

Who Should Not Take This Medicine?

People with certain types of heart problems, such as congestive heart failure, should use caution with this medicine. People with reduced kidney function or kidney disease should probably not take metformin. It should be used with caution if you regularly consume more than two to three drinks daily, so check with your doctor about that.


Metformin, when used alone, is unlikely to cause low blood sugar. It is one of those medicines that always seems to help even after people have had diabetes for a while, and, for this reason, prescribers will often simply add another medicine to metformin rather than stopping it. Metformin usually does not cause weight gain, and some people will actually lose a small amount of weight while taking it.


Metformin can cause annoying stomach problems when first starting it. For this reason, it is wise to start on a lower dose until your body gets used to it. If you are having surgery, tell your healthcare provider you take Metformin. You should be told to stop taking Metformin the day of the surgery, and also receive advice about when to start it back.

What Dosage Can I Take, And How Should I Take It?

Depending upon the dosage form, whether regular tablet, long-acting tablet, or liquid, it is usually given from one to three times daily. The usual starting dose is 500mg, once a day. You can add another 500mg per day each week until you reach the final dose your prescriber wants you to take. Many people end up at around 2,000mg per day as the final dose. It is usually taken with a meal.

What Are The Common Side Effects?

  • Once in a while, people on metformin can become weak, tired, or dizzy, and have trouble breathing. If you ever have these problems, call your doctor, or get medical help right away.
  • You may have nausea, diarrhea, and/or other stomach symptoms when you first start taking metformin. These usually go away, especially if you start on a low dose and slowly increase to the proper amount.
  • You may notice a metallic taste in your mouth.


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